White Alice, Cape Yakataga

The White Alice Communications System was built by the United States Air Force in Alaska during the Cold War. The system was initially intended to provide reliable communications for linking defense radar facilities in remote, isolated, and often rugged locations to a central command at Clear Air Force Station. White Alice was designed by Western Electric, and civilian contractors built and maintained the sites. Construction began in 1955 and the system was dedicated in 1958. The first installation featured 22 tropospheric scatter stations distinguished by a cluster of very large parabolic antennas. An additional 6 line-of-sight microwave radio stations and 3 dual tropospheric/microwave sites were also constructed. The second phase of construction provided communication to the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) in Colorado via two routes from Alaska. The A Route consisted of 22 coastal stations linking to a submarine cable, and the B Route included 8 interior stations that linked to an overland cable in Canada. In the end, 71 stations were built throughout Alaska. In 1976, the White Alice stations were leased to RCA Alascom for civilian use, and by the end of the 1970s, most of the system was deactivated when it was superseded by satellite communications. Vandalism, unsafe conditions and environmental concerns caused the Department of Defense to remove physical structures at the sites. Several sites still remain including Anvil Mountain outside of Nome, Cape Sarichef on Unimak Island, and Cape Yakataga. Learn more about White Alice here and here. Click here to download the CoastView app and explore more of Cape Yakataga.