Shaktoolik, Norton Sound

Shaktoolik is one of several Alaskan coastal communities threatened by erosion and flooding related to a longer ice-free season, and the increasing frequency and magnitude of winter storms in the Bering Sea. Shaktoolik was the first Malemiut settlement on Norton Sound, occupied as early as 1839, and first mapped in 1842 by Lt. Lavrenty Zagoskin of the Imperial Russian Navy. The management of reindeer herds was started in the Shaktoolik area around 1905 when the village was located about six miles up the Shaktoolik River. The village was moved to the mouth of the Shaktoolik River in 1933 to facilitate access by sea and relocated again in 1967 to its present location. The Shaktoolik economy is based on subsistence, with some part-time wage earnings in commercial fishing, city administration, and the school. Reindeer herding still provides some income and meat, but the primary subsistence foods include fish, crab, moose, beluga whale, caribou, seals, and birds. Read more here and here. Click here to download the CoastView app and explore Shaktoolik and the Norton Sound coast.