The Yaquina Head Light is located near Newport, Oregon and about 4 miles (7 km) north of the Yaquina Bay jetties. This is the tallest light tower on the Oregon coast at 93 feet (28 m), a total of 162 feet (49 m) above sea level, and can be seen for 19 miles (31 km).
Yaquina Head is a narrow, coastal headland extending 1 mile (1.6 km) into the Pacific Ocean. Formed by ancient lava flows, the basalt cliffs have withstood the pounding surf for 14 million years. Yaquina Head provided Native Americans with a place to hunt and collect food from the ocean. The headland was an important navigational marker for centuries before the Yaquina Head Lighthouse was built in 1873.
Construction of the light began on September 1, 1871. Building materials had to be lightered, or shuttled in small boats, to a small cove on the south side of the headland. Landing in the surf was difficult and dangerous and at least two boats overturned in the surf and the cargo was lost. When landing became impossible at Yaquina Head, materials were offloaded at Newport and then had to be hauled six miles to the lighthouse site on a primitive road. In addition to the tower, a two-story residence was built, as well as an oil house. The light was automated in 1966, and in 1984 several dwellings and outbuildings were demolished creating a large grassy area. In 1993, the U.S. Coast Guard turned the station over to Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Read more here and here, and see a live webcam here. Download or open the CoastView app to explore more of Yaquina Head and the light station here: